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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 14: Disorders of the Mind and Body ** Skip Pages 622-9 and 655-61 I. Defining Psychological Disorders a. When behavior is deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional psychologists label it as disordered. b. Is the behavior maladaptive? (Interfering with aspects of your life) I I. Classifying Psychological Disorders a. They change over time, i.e. ADD used to not be classified as a disorder, but was rather due to bad parenting b. The APA rendered a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to describe psychological disorders. c. The most recent edition, DSM-IV-TR, describes 400 psychological disorders (latest edition in 2000). d. The DSM uses a multiaxial system i. There are different axes that the disorders can be classified under. I I I. Mental Disorders Must be Assessed a. Most insurance companies require a DSM b. Potentially can be discrimination against one with mental disorder. c. About 50% of people will have a mental disorder at some point in their life. d. Allows for a diagnosis to be made e. A mental status exam may be used quick mental assessment to direct someone to the right facility f. SCID (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM) commonly used to guide clinicians through the DSM process, more structured or unstructured depending on the need, the whole purpose is to guide you through the diagnosis process IV. Anxiety Disorders a. Generalized anxiety disorder: a continual low level of anxiety i. The anxiety experienced is diffuse and general b. Panic Disorder: i. Sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror....
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- Fall '08