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Running Head: AUTEUR THEORY 1 Auteur Theory: Tim Burton Brittany Warren ENG 225: Introduction to Film Instructor Alex Vuilleumier May 23, 2020
AUTEUR THEORY 2 Auteur Theory: Tim Burton Auteur is the French word for author. When applied to film directing, auteur theory posits that the director is indeed the author of the film, imprinting it with her or his personal vision (Goodykoontz, 2019). Andrew Sarris brought American film the idea of the auteur director, which was founded by a group of French critics in Paris in the early 1960’s who called it la politique des auteursor authors policy. Many directors may claim to use auteur theory and be auteur directors but not many would meet the qualifications. Tim Burton and his unique cinematic style, known as Burtonesque or gothic suburbia, are a primary example of what an auteur director is. The first guideline of Sarris’auteur theory is technical competence. Auteur directors have to have a vast amount of technical competency as they will have a hand in all components of the filmmaking process. As a youngster, Burton was a keen admirer of stop-animation and used his 8mm camera to make short films (James 2016). Tim Burton started his cinematic career while he was still in college at the California Institute of Arts when he produced a short film titled Stalk of the Celery Monster. This project caught the attention of the animation department at Disney and it landed him a job as animation apprentice. He also worked as a storyboard artist on many films, including The Fox and The Hound(1981). Throughout the years since, Burton has been involved with many aspects of film making including directing, producing, writing, animating, developing, designing, consulting, and even puppeteering and acting (IMDB). He has also made films in a variety of styles such as live-action (Beetlejuice(1988),Edward Scissorhands(1990)), stop motion animation (Corpse Bride(2005), Frankenweenie (2012)), and films that include computer generated imagery (Alice in Wonderland (2010), Sweeny Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007)). Tim Burton