ch-2-brain and lang - 2011-1- Ø G...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2011-1- Ø G 	 1 Ch-2. Brain and LanguageWhat is the nature of the brain?What is the nature of human language? What is the relationship between brain and language? Neurolinguistics 2011-1- X H 	 2Human BrainThe brain is composed of cerebral hemispheres. (Left hemisphere vs. Right hemisphere)Two hemispheres are joined by the corpus callosum Contralateral brain function LH controls the right side of the body, and RH the left side. LH receives sensory information from the right side of the body, while RH from the left side.2011-1- F 	 3Human Brain Contralateral brain function 2011-1- ˜ † — 4Localization of Language in the Brain (F.J. Gall) Language ability is different from other cognitive ability? Perception ( ˜ † ), attention(  �), memory(  �), motor(  � �), language, visual & spatial processing ( � � � � � � ), executive function (    �)Theory of localization (Gall) : Different cognitive abilities and behaviors are localized in specific parts of the brain. Phrenology (  � �): practice of determining personality traits, intellectual capacities, and others by examining the bumps on the skull. The brain is not a uniform mass. Linguistic and other cognitive capacities are functions of localized brain area.2011-1- G 	 5Phrenology ( )2011-1- 
  6Localization of cognitive abilities2011-1- ˆ † — 7Aphasia ( ) Aphasia is language disorder that results from brain damage by disease or trauma.It is important in understanding the relationship between brain and language. Brocas area & Wernickes area Language is lateralized to the left 2011-1- 
  8Brocas area & Wernickes area 2011-1- ‰ — 9Brocas area & Wernickes area Paul Broca (1864) Language is localized to the front part of the left hemisphere. Damage to the left frontal lobe resulted in aphasia. Carl Wernicke (1874) Patients with lesions in the posterior portions of the left hemisphere had another 2011-1- ( ‰ — 10Linguistic properties of Brocaaphasia (1) Iabored speech and certain kinds of word-finding difficulties(2) A disorder that affects the persons ability to form sentences with the rules of syntax....
View Full Document

Page1 / 40

ch-2-brain and lang - 2011-1- Ø G...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online