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module 1 notes - A. INTRO TO PSYCH - most people don't know...

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A. INTRO TO PSYCH - most people don’t know what psychology is, ppl think psych as more therapy or clinical - 5 core courses: behavioural neuroscience, developmental psych, cognitive psych, clinical psych/psychopathology, social psych - psych isn’t psychoanalysis- within clinical pysch, no one does psychoanalysis - psych not merely common sense- many of the things we thought we knew all along, we also thought we knew the opposite too - common sense has opposing ideas, no matter what pattern of data turned out, common sense would be right because it says both things, i.e. psych isn’t common sense - psych: about people and what makes them up, it’s about what people think, how we feel/emotions/motivations, can have reactions without thoughts that correspond with them, emotions not always same as our thoughts, not always captured by our thoughts, is also about behaviour, actions - three aspects: thoughts, feelings, behaviour, not always go together - Descartes - seventeenth-century philosopher believed that some ideas are innate (instinctive) - Locke - seventeenth-century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through sensory experience - Psychologists who study, assess, and treat troubled people are called clinical psychologists - The basic premise of applied psychology is the use of psychological principles and theories to overcome problems in other areas, such as mental health - A psychologist who conducts experiments solely intended to build psychology's knowledge base is engaged in basic research - Applied psychology includes the areas of clinical psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, occupational health psychology, human factors, forensic psychology, engineering psychology, as well as many other areas such as school psychology, sports psychology and community psychology - Psychiatrist (alienist): physician who specializes in psychiatry and is certified in treating mental disorders, trained in diagnostic evaluation and in psychotherapy - Developmental psychologist: research centers on relationship between changes in our thinking over the life span and changes in moral reasoning
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- Today, psychology is a discipline that connects with a diversity of other fields - psych is defined as the study of behaviour and mental processes - strength of the relationship between two vivid events will most likely be overestimated - In its earliest days, psychology was defined as the Science of mental life (Wilhelm Wundt) - Most likely to agree with the statement, "Psychology should investigate only behaviours that can be observed"?- An American psychologist in the 1950s - neuroscience psychological perspective emphasizes interaction of brain and body in behaviour - Psychologists who study the degree to which genes influence our personality are working within the behaviour genetics perspective - top-down versus bottom-up processing is not a major issue in psychology - In defining psychology, the text notes that psychology are the disciplines of way of
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2011 for the course PYSCH 101 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

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module 1 notes - A. INTRO TO PSYCH - most people don't know...

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