module 4 notes

module 4 notes - What is Behaviourism Behaviourism also...

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What is Behaviourism? Behaviourism , also called the learning perspective: philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do (including acting, thinking and feeling) can and should be regarded as behaviours Oldest type of behaviourism: classical conditioning o Pavlov and his dogs- he thought he was a biologist, no idea he was a psychologist Operant conditioning: skinner and his pigeons, put his children in the same boxes as the pigeons Two movements where developmental psychology comes in, shows some of the flaws and limitations of behaviourism o Language acquisition: how do we learn to speak? o Observational learning: going to seem very straightforward, learn by watching other people doing things, learn through modeling, one of dominant theories now in psychology but at the time it was radical because behaviourists thought it couldn’t happen, Bobo doll Classical Conditioning; Pavlov and his dogs Pavlov was a biologists, interested in studying spit Wanted to know why do we have spit in our mouths; purpose, where does it come from, what’s in dog’s spit Had test tubes hooked up to saliva glands of dogs to collect spit Started out by bringing dog food and putting it in front of them Very good scientist- early on, noticed that the spit would come as they eat But noticed that after a few days of giving them food, when he walked up to the dogs, the saliva would start to flow before the food arrived; sound of footsteps = dogs starting to salivate The question became: why were they salivating before the food was given to them? Before conditioning: introduce food and saliva starting flowing o An unconditioned stimulus (UCS) produces an unconditioned response (UCR) o A neutral stimulus (turning fork) produces no salivation response
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During conditioning: tuning fork and food become associated with each other, brought out together o Unconditioned stimulus is repeatedly presented just after the neutral stimulus (tone), the unconditioned stimulus to produce an unconditioned response After conditioning: o Neutral stimulus alone now produces a conditioned response (CR), thereby becoming a conditioned stimulus (CS) What is learning and unlearning? In classical condition, learning is the association of a conditioned stimulus or neutral
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module 4 notes - What is Behaviourism Behaviourism also...

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