{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

module 6 notes - Cognitive Psychology I Memory The Big...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cognitive Psychology I- Memory: The Big Picture Memory as information processing: stages and events of memory Effortful memory o All that was studied for about 100 years, one of oldest topics, easy to study o People given a list to remember and come back a week later to recite o When we are trying to learn and remember Memory without awareness o Begun to be understood in last 15 years o When we remember things we don’t realize we’ve remembered o Part of a general trend when conscious thought was given priority for 30, 40 years The fragility of memory o Our memories are often a distorted view of reality o Much more susceptible to distortion, bias, error than we think Stages of Memory The different timings of memory Sensory memory: happens in typically less than a second, the immediate and initial recording of sensory info in the memory system o External events sensory memory short-term memory long-term memory o Registers incoming info, allowing your brain to capture for a fleeting moment lots of faces o Attention to important or novel info: encoding o Put into short-term memory: activated memory that holds a few items briefly before the info is stored or forgotten o Long term memory: relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system Process of encoding, storage and retrieval We can have problems when we don’t remember things
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Info may not have been encoded properly o Could have trouble remembering info if it has gotten lost in storage o Can have trouble retrieving info but you know it’s not lost Effortful Memory How much information do we retain? How long do you retain info in short term memory? Rapid decay with no rehearsal Short term memory is limited in length but also how much we can hold in there Basic rule is that short term memory can only hold seven plus or minus two objects o Rule was discovered by the Bell labs, the telephone company: phone number 7 digits How long do you retain info in long term memory? o We forget much of what we learn o Ebbinghaus forgetting curve (recall, as opposed to recognition) o Gave nonsense syllables to memorize and then a recall test the next day o Retention starts at 60%, 2 days later 30%: drops then levels off, month later still had 20% o We can relearn info fairly quickly o As rehearsal increases, relearning time decreases o Suggests that the info is being retained somewhere, should be available for later use o Repetition does seem to aid memory
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern