module 8 notes

module 8 notes - Clinical Psychology Psychological...

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Clinical Psychology: Psychological Disorders 5 Different Classes of Disorders Anxiety disorders (ex. Phobias) Mood disorders (ex. Depression, bipolar disorder) Psychotic disorders (ex. Schizophrenia) Dissociative disorders (ex. Multiple personality disorder = dissociative identity) Personality disorders (ex. Antisocial/sociopath) Traditionally, has been distinction between what they call the major disorders o Book called DSM IV: categorizes, used by physicians and psychiatrists to make diagnoses o First axis: first four types of disorders o Secondary axis: can be personality disorder Anxiety Disorders Phobias Irrational fear Fairly common condition Quite treatable Relationship btwn things that may hurt or kill you, pattern Generalized Anxiety Disorder- Panic Disorder Overwhelming sense of anxiety Called generalized because it is not localized as being caused by any particular thing Can become quite debilitating Associated with panic attacks o Feel like heart is going to stop o Get very sweaty o Feel like can’t breathe
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o Overcome by panic attack, can’t do anything else at that moment o Very debilitating Agoraphobia: fear of open places, of being out in the world o Fear of having a panic attack while outside of home o Cases where people have not left their homes for 20 years OCD o Can vary from mildly obsessive to extremely obsessive and completely debilitating o Two things that characterize OCD: Repetitive thoughts Repetitive behaviours o Obsessions (repetitive thoughts): 40% report concern with dirt, germs, toxins 24% report concern with something terrible happening (fire, death, sick) 17% report concern with symmetry, order, exactness o Compulsions (repetitive behaviours): 85% have excessive washing or grooming related 51% have repeating rituals 46% report checking doors, locks, etc Explaining anxiety disorders: Psychoanalytic perspective: say they need therapy to solve some deep lying problem which is causing the disorder o Example of little Hans, case study that Freud used to develop ideas about Oedipus Complex o Hans incredibly scared of horses o Freud said Hans had anxiety arising from Oedipus Complex which was being transferred onto horses, had castration anxiety of father o Father wore glasses, horses have blinkers
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Learning perspective: thinks people develop anxieties like little Albert o We gain anxiety by associating whatever stimuli is with something that is aversive o Can generalize from one thing to another o Treatment would be to uncondition it- virtual reality training o OCD- reward people for not doing their compulsion Social cognitive perspective: observational learning o Develop certain phobias by watching and observing what others are afraid of
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2011 for the course PYSCH 101 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

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module 8 notes - Clinical Psychology Psychological...

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