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module 9 notes - Clinical Psychology II Therapies Anxiety...

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Clinical Psychology II: Therapies Anxiety disorders: o Cognitive behaviour therapies and phobias o Almost 50% of the therapists and almost 85% of new therapists do cognitive behaviour therapy, has become dominant, had big influence on clinical psychology Mood disorders: o Treatment of choice: medication as well as therapy Schizophrenia: o Medication therapy (drugs) Evaluating these therapies: o Is therapy effective? o If so, what makes it effective? Anxiety Disorders Treatment rate for phobia is very high, very successful, usually treated with cognitive therapy Systematic desensitization: try to keep heart rate slow over course of therapy o Over time, becomes less shocked while being more exposed to the phobia object o Behavioural in that behaviour is being done o Cognitive in that thoughts are trying to be controlled by thinking calming thoughts Cognitive behavioural therapy: trying to get people to engage in behaviours that will help them while at the same time using their thoughts as a way to encourage and develop those behaviours With more serious anxiety disorders: agoraphobia, social phobia, OCD o Usually treated with a combination of drug therapy and cognitive therapy Mood Disorders Mood disorders and major depressive disorders are usually treated both with medication and cognitive therapy
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Remember that critical issue for depressed people in their thinking is that they tend to make a catastrophe of all the events in their lives (stable, global, internal) Cognitive therapy for depression focuses on the thoughts of depressed people Cognitive training patients much less depressed while waiting list patients got a little less depressed 15 to 20% of people seeking therapy are experiencing major depression o Don’t respond to drugs or therapy o Often become suicidal Electro-Convulse Therapy (ECT) o Used in 1940s and 50s as punishment, way to control patients in mental hospitals o Discovered that depressed people sometimes got better from it o Put individual under anaesthesia, apply electric currents to one side of the brain or the other o
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