Barbara Williams_Pros v. Cons

Barbara Williams_Pros v. Cons - Barbara Williams Week 4...

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Barbara Williams Week 4 Criminal Justice Homework Professor Vigil September 26, 2010
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Does our judicial system function in a perfected manner; enough so that we can be sure that every person sentenced to death for a crime is absolutely guilty? What is capital punishment? Capital punishment is the sentencing of death issued by a court of law for capital offenses. Offenses that involve a planned murder, multiple murders, repeated crimes, rape etc. where in the criminal provisions the court considers such offenders as a gross danger to the existence of society; thus resulting in an order for death punishment for them. Capital punishment was first established during the Eighteenth Century B.C. within the Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon. The code set precedence for the death penalty to be issued to anyone who had committed any of 25 different crimes. Death sentences were carried out by means of drowning, impalement, burning alive, beating to death and crucifixion. Hanging became the usual method of execution in Britain during In the Tenth Century A.D. The century that followed led to William the Conqueror not allowing any person to be hung for executed for any crime unless it was a time of war. During the reign of Henry VIII and the Sixteenth Century, as many as 72,000 people are estimated to have been executed. Executions issued for capital offenses such as marrying a
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person of Jewish descent, not confessing to a crime, and treason. Typical methods of execution at that time included boiling, burning at the stake, hanging, and beheading. The British crime rate punishable by death rose throughout the next two centuries. By the 1700s, 222 crimes were punishable by death in Britain, to include stealing, cutting down a tree, and robbing a rabbit warren. As a result of many juries not issuing convictions for lesser crimes, Britain reformed their death penalty. From 1823 to 1837, the death penalty was abolished for over 100 of the 222 crimes punishable by death. (Randa, 1997) Britain had a great influence on America in regards to the death penalty. When European settlers came to the new world they brought with them the practices of capital punishment. The year 1608 led to the first American execution of Captain George Kendall. He was executed for being a spy for Spain. Each colony had laws that were in variation of the death penalty. In 1630 the Massachusetts Bay Colony held its first execution. Duke's Laws of 1665 were instituted within the New York Colony. Under these laws, offenses such as striking one's mother or father,
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Barbara Williams_Pros v. Cons - Barbara Williams Week 4...

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