Book notes for health

Book notes for health - Chapter 1-Mental health includes...

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Chapter 1: -Mental health: includes intellectual capabilities and indiv’s subjective sense of well being -People’s value system or beliefs can have an impact on their overall health WELLNESS: adopting patterns of behavior to improve health -opp: premature death -higher quality of life Ecological model of health and wellness: figure 1.3 -Public Health: refers to the health of the general population -Health promotion and Disease prevention -disease prevention: primary (info), secondary (screenings), tertiary (treatment) -Community Health: improve health within the community Ex: clinics, bike lanes CULTURE, ETHNICITY, and RACE -culture: shared pattern of values, beliefs, and customs -ethnicity: sense of identity and indiv draws from common ancestry -race: describe ethnic groups based on physical char -there are not biologically distinct and separate races -Poverty is a big factor in determining health---a lot of minorities suffer from poverty Behavioral Choices: decisions you make that affect your lifestyle (quitting smoking, eating an apple instead of chips) -Stages of Change Model (TTM)- framework for understanding indiv’s decisions when it comes to change 1. Precontemplation: you might be unaware you even have a problem, often wondering why people won’t stop bothering you 2. Contemplation: weigh the pro’s and con’s….self-efficacy becomes important 3. Preparation: the pro’s have won, you are building your skill set and supporting self-efficacy 4. Action
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5. Maintenance 6. Termination: behavior is completely gone -relapse may/ most likely will happen at any point -most Americans do not have health literacy: the ability to read, act on health info, and understand it -Health risks are different for every person (age, gender, fam history) -biggest cause of death btwn 15-24- accidents -for 60 + heart disease CHAPTER 2: Genetic Makeup : determines what our strengths and vulnerabilities are Factors for who we are as an indiv 1. genetic inheritance 2. lifestyle choices 3. environmental factors -important to know genetic makeup => make more informed lifestyle choices and helps when planning for children Family health tree (pedigree, genogram): represents family’s genetic history -Human Genome Project allowed us to examine the relationship btwn race and genetics -mutations occur when there is a change to a gene (A-G-T) -brown or blue eyes, or diseases -single gene disorder- on one gene -multifactorial- must interact with environment -chromosomal disorders-alteration of entire chromosome -autosomal chromosome: (chromosome 1-22) -sex-linked chromosome: (23: X or Y) -autosomal dominant: affects both male and female equally and doesn’t skip generations
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-50 % chance of passing to children -autosomal recessive: affects both male and female equally and could skip generations -can be a carrier -most sex-linked disorders are caused by X chromosome => Y is small and contains few genes -males usually affected most -allele: gene variations Ex: sickle cell disease: autosomal recessive -leads to a lack of protein in the red blood cells: common in blackies
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This note was uploaded on 06/29/2011 for the course HEALTH 908 taught by Professor Teague during the Spring '11 term at University of Iowa.

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Book notes for health - Chapter 1-Mental health includes...

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