Describe the characteristics of the Clovis culture

Describe the characteristics of the Clovis culture -...

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Describe the characteristics of the Clovis culture, and provide examples of the major sites. About 11,200 B.C the Clovis culture appeared all over eastern North America, on the great plains, and much further afield. The first discovered Clovis sites were big game kills on the Great Plains. At Murray Springs, Arizona, the people killed mammoth and bison butchering them at separate locations, with a camp site nearby. Another distinct feature of the Clovis culture were there projectile points. At Naco Arizona no fewer than 8 points lay in one mammoth carcass. Perhaps 4 to 8 member hunted or scavenged the great beast. The Clovis people in Backwater draw, New Mexico could drive large animals into a swampy ground. It is agreed that the Clovis people hunted both big game and smaller animals in addition to foraging for wild vegetables. Because they would often stalk animals, they, like all Paleo-
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Unformatted text preview: Indians were constantly on the move, using a portable toolkit that included bone cordage, stone and wood artifacts. The hunters would travel great distances for tool making stone carrying it in core form that they would later use to make finely pressure flaked projectile points. The finished spears were mounted in wood or bone shafts set on the end of spear shafts. In Alaska the Broken Mammoth, Dry Creek, and Mesa artifacts include bifaces and other items that are reminiscent of early Paleo-Indian points and tools from temperate North America. Few well documented sites contemporary with Clovis are known from South America. Two sites o the southern Peruvian coast were occupied by broad spectrum hunter gatherers as early as 9200 to about 7000 B.C. from late Paleo-Indian burials on the coast date to between 8500 and 6500 B.C....
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This note was uploaded on 06/23/2011 for the course ANTH 277 taught by Professor Carolkrol during the Fall '10 term at Aquinas.

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