April 1 online - Chapter 2: Tools for Designing a Healthy...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Tools for Designing a Healthy Diet What Is A Healthy Diet? To consume a variety of foods balanced by a moderate intake of each food Variety Not eating same old thing Choosing different foods within each food group Ensures sufficient nutrients Balance Do not over consume any one food Eat foods from five major food groups Moderation Portion size Moderate do not eliminate All Foods Are Not Created Equal Nutrient density Comparison of vitamin & mineral content to number of calories Energy density Comparison of calorie content to weight of food Empty calories (junk foods) Provides calories and few other nutrients Figure 2.1: Nutrient density Comparison of vitamin & mineral content to number of kcals Salads are low in energy density Salads are low in energy density Minimize high-fat dressing, bacon bits, cheese & croutons Energy density Comparison of the kcal content to the weight of the food Tools For Healthy Eating The Pyramid Translates science into practical terms Helps people meet nutritional needs for CHO, protein, fat, vitamins, & minerals The Old Food Guide Pyramid MyPyramid.gov Variety Variety Moderation Moderation Activity Activity Proportionality Proportionality Gradual Improvement Individuality FAT...
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April 1 online - Chapter 2: Tools for Designing a Healthy...

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