2526-81-91 Study Guide (1).docx - Exam One Study Guide Part...

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Exam One Study Guide Part I: Short-Answer Questions (50 points) For the first half of the exam, you will be given a list of 8–12 questions and will be asked to answer 5 of those questions in 3–6 sentences. These questions will be based on the list of terms for each lesson. Be specific and concise, and directly answer each question you select. It is always better to answer the question fully, but these are short answers, not essays. Example question: What events prompted the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890? What was the end result of that massacre?
Lesson 1 Terms black codes carpetbaggers competing notions of freedom Compromise of 1877—republican Hayes wins election if military taken out of south and a democrat put on cabinet Cummings v. County Board of Education Fifteenth Amendment Fourteenth Amendment Freedmen’s Bureau Jim Crow KKK lynching Plessy v. Ferguson Radical Reconstruction Reconstruction Redeemers Restoration scalawags sharecropping Ten Percent Plan Thirteenth Amendment United Daughters of the Confederacy 1. List and explain the causes for the American Civil War.
Economic differences included slave vs. free labor and agricultural vs. industrial economy. State’s rights vs. federal government: There was disagreement regarding the Necessary and Proper Clause and the Enumerated Powers Clause of the US Constitution. Settlement of the West: There was disagreement over popular sovereignty and whether or not slavery would extend into the new territories and states. Lincoln’s election: Lincoln’s name was absent on ballots in nine of the eleven future Confederate states, which convinced the South that the North’s argument about the political slave power was irrelevant.

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