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Carbohydrates - Carbohydrates Michelle Nolan Nutrition...

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Unformatted text preview: Carbohydrates Michelle Nolan Nutrition SCI241 Carbohydrates Definition: "A compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the same proportions as in water"(Grosvenor & Smolin, 2006). include starched, sugars, and most fibers. types of Carbohydrates are simple and complex They Two Carbohydrate Examples: SIMPLE Fruits Milk Vegetables COMPLEX Pasta Brown Rice Potatoes Bran Oatmeal Simple Carbohydrates Most basic unit of Carbohydrates, Monosaccharide (Simple sugars) Glucose Most important for the body Distributed through the body as "Blood Sugar" Produced through photosynthesis Found mostly in starch Fructose Galactose "Sweets" Digest Easily Complex Carbohydrates Chain of sugars linked together Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Glycogen in animals Starches and Fibers in Plants Carbs in our bodies: Main energy source for the body Processed through metabolism and creates energy Carbs like Fiber however can not be processed and digested by human enzymes. Complex Helpful Little Carbs.... High Fiber Carbs help the digestive system Carry Vitamins and Minerals useful to the body Low calories Complex Carbs digest slowly without pushing sugar levels or insulin levels too high. What is Diabetes: High Blood Sugars Not enough Insulin 3 Types of Diabetes Type 1 Type 2 Gestational Diabetes continued Can not normally be cured Negative Affects Kidney Failure Cardiovascular Disease Lifestyle can positively affect diabetes Controlling Blood Pressure Maintaining healthy weight levels No smoking Reference: Grosvenor, M. B., & Smolin, L. A. (2006). Nutrition Everyday Choices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ...
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