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Study Guide 3 - 22:02:00 Introduction to Human Anatomy and...

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25/05/2011 22:02:00 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 OVERVIEW This chapter begins the study of anatomy and physiology by defining the disciplines (objective 1), and explaining the characteristics and needs that are common to all living things (objectives 2 and 3). It introduces a basic mechanism necessary to maintain life (objectives 4 and 5), as well as the relationship of increasingly complex levels of organization in humans (objective 6). The study of levels of organization continues with the identification of body cavities and the organs found within each cavity (objectives 7 and 8). The membranes associated with the abdominopelvic and thoracic cavities are described (objective 9). The functions of the various organ systems as well as the organs associated with each system are described (objectives 10 and 11). Finally, the language used to describe relative positions of body parts, body sections, and a body region is presented (objective 12). This chapter defines the characteristics and needs common to all living things and the manner in which the human body is organized to accomplish life processes. The language peculiar to anatomy and physiology is also introduced. CHAPTER OBJECTIVES After you have studied this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Define anatomy and physiology, and explain how they are related. 2. List and describe the major characteristics of life. 3. List and describe the major needs of organisms. 4. Define homeostasis and explain its importance to survival. 5. Describe a homeostatic mechanism. 6. Explain what levels of organization mean. 7. Describe the location of the major body cavities. 8. List the organs located in each of the body cavities. 9. Name the membranes associated with the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.
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