Ethics- Notes from Class

Ethics- Notes from Class - Secondary Principles 14:32 Rule...

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Secondary Principles 14:32 Rule of thumb (beating your wife. “you can beat your wife with nothing more than  your thumb) Chapter 3 Ultimate Sanction of Morality External- the opinion of others, laws, God Internal- feelings in our own minds- the conscientious feelings of human  beings o Conscientious feelings are not innate, but they are natural o Just like speech, were born with the capacity, but here to develop it o We naturally have firm social feelings, a sense of unity with others o Chapter 4 Proof of the Principle of Utility o The principle is a first principle, so can’t be proven  pain) is the only things desirable as end Compare with “visible”  o –only pros (that something is visible is that people see it) o –only pros (that something is desirable is that people desire it) Each person desires his/her own happiness o The general happiness is thus an end, it is an end for the aggregate of  persons Fallacy of Composition Each brick in the building is square, so the building is square
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Anything we desire is desired as a means to, or as a part of, happiness o Virtue, honor, power, fame, money o (Psychological Fact of People according to Mills) Desirable Actually desired Capable of being desired Worthy of being desired Naturalistic Fallacy o Trying to get an “output” from an “is” Justice Objective Organ donor example
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9/28/2010 (left side of the board) After the enlightenment, scientific knowledge is the model for knowledge. -People start asking “How do we know what we know?” Justification of a moral judgments More concerned with giving “theoretical principles to start these judgments (right side of the board) What are ethical principles by which we decide what the right course of action/life  is? Pg. 7   “greatest happiness principle” Fundamental principles of morality: “actions are right in proportion as they  tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse. By  happiness is intended pleasure & absence of pain; by happiness, pain + the  principle of pleasure. o HAPPINESS IS HEDONISTIC – pleasure and the absence of pain o Theoretical principle, grounding principle- NOT a decision procedure (left side of the board) Two core ideas of Mill’s Utilitarianism THEORY OF RIGHT ACTION o Consequentially- when you have different options, choose the one whose  consequences are the best- always choose the best outcome THEORY OF THE GOOD o Hedonism- What makes something the best outcome/ best 
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2011 for the course PHIL 205 taught by Professor Plato during the Spring '11 term at Mayville.

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Ethics- Notes from Class - Secondary Principles 14:32 Rule...

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