PBH(final) - Introduction to Public Health (Final term...

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Introduction to Public Health (Final term questions) 1. Concept of Malnutrition. Give the difference between over nutrition and under nutrition? How can we prevent these in BD? Ans- Malnutrition is the condition that develops when the body does not get the right amount of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function. .. Most commonly this is considered as a synonym to under nutrition: Malnutrition minus. It can however also refer to an unhealthy over nutrition or obesity: Malnutrition plus Difference: Under nutrition is a consequence of consuming too few essential nutrients or using or excreting them more rapidly than they can be replaced. .. Over nutrition results from eating too much, eating too many of the wrong things, not exercising enough, or taking too many vitamins or other dietary replacements. Prevention: Consume plenty of fruits, grains, and vegetables Eat a variety of foods that are low in fats and cholesterols and contain only moderate amounts of salt, sugars, and sodium Engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes, at least several times a week Achieve or maintain their ideal weight Use alcohol sparingly or avoid it altogether 2. What is dengue? Classify dengue fever? How can you differentiate DHF from DSS? Discuss the source, reservoir and the mode transmission of dengue? Who are the great risk to get dengue fever and why? How can we prevent? Ans. - The word dengue is derived from African word denga: meaning fever with hemorrhage. Dengue is caused by virus transmitted of bites of aedes mosquito. Differentiate: In moderate DHF cases, all signs and symptoms abate after the fever subsides. In severe cases, the patient's condition may suddenly deteriorate after a few days of fever; the temperatures drops,
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PBH(final) - Introduction to Public Health (Final term...

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