Running head: OPIUM WAR1Opium WarJoshua W. McConnellHIS104 / World Civilizations IIMr. Patrick WhangOctober 23, 2017
OPIUM WAR2Opium WarThe Opium Wars were serious conflicts during the 19th Century between the British and Chinese. China banned opium in all forms with a concern for the public. British traders disregarded this ban and continued to smuggle large amounts of opium into China from India. This paper will explain expansion of European imperialism in Asia and what led to the British import opium to China, evaluate the origins of the Opium Wars from both sides, analyze the consequences of the Treaty of Nanjing, and explain some of the lessons that we can take from the history of the Opium Wars.The British conquered India, Penang, Singaport, Burma and a few other countries by the late 1700s and had very lucrative trade routes with Asia. France, Spain, Portagal and Holland also has trade routes with Asia. This had great impact on Asia as European imperialism spread quickly “With its manufacturing economy, natural resources and enormous population, the Middle Kingdom was a rich prize for Western capitalists.” (Kucha & Llewellyn, 2017) The Chinese leadership (The Qing Regime) and British became great parteners as each country relied on the other for trade. The Chinese often used the British for the silver, gold, and jewelery while the British used the Chinese for tea, silks, porcelain and other decorative items.