Week 8_Assignment_Health Risks and Prevention Methods

Week 8_Assignment_Health Risks and Prevention Methods -...

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SCI/164, Week 8 Assignment Health Risks and Prevention Methods Access the Health Video Library located at http://www.pearsoncustom.com/us/axia_healthvideos Refer to Ch. 12 of your text Access the Health Video Library using the directions provided below. Watch the video Cardiovascular Disease . Answer the following questions. 1. What are some of the risk factors that can be controlled to prevent serious illness? Some of the risk factors that can be controlled to prevent serious illness are: Avoiding tobacco, cutting back on saturated fat and cholesterol, monitoring your cholesterol levels, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, controlling diabetes, controlling your blood pressure, and managing stress. 2. Define hypertension. Why is hypertension dangerous? What are some ways to prevent it? Hypertension is sustained elevated blood pressure. Hypertension is dangerous because the higher your blood pressure the greater the risk for CVD. Hypertension is known as the “silent killer” because it usually has no symptoms. Some ways to prevent hypertension involve dietary changes (reducing sodium and calorie intake), weight loss, the use of diuretics and other medications, regular exercise, and the practice of relaxation techniques and effective coping and communication skills. 3. What are the most common types of cancer? According to the textbook, what are the risk factors and treatments for each type of cancer? The most common types of cancer are lung, breast, colon and rectal, prostate, skin, testicular, ovarian, uterine, and pancreatic cancers; as well as leukemia. Lung Cancer Risk Factors: Smokers, especially those who have smoked for over 20 years, and people who have been exposed to industrial substances such as arsenic and asbestos or to radiation are at the highest risk for lung cancer. Exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke increases the risk for nonsmokers. Treatments: Treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer. Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are all options. If the cancer is localized, surgery is usually the treatment of choice. If it has spread, surgery is combined with radiation and chemotherapy. Breast Cancer Risk Factors: The incidence of breast cancer increases with age. Although there are many possible risk factors, those that are well supported by research include family history of breast cancer, menstrual periods that started early and ended late in life, obesity after menopause, recent use of oral contraceptives or postmenopausal hormone therapy, never having children or having a first child after age 30, consuming two or more drinks of alcohol per day, and higher education and socioeconomic status.
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Treatments: Treatments range from a lumpectomy to radical mastectomy to various combinations of radiation or chemotherapy. Among nonsurgical options, promising results have been noted among women using selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen and raloxifene, particularly among women whose cancers appear to grow in response to estrogen. Colon and Rectal Cancer
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Week 8_Assignment_Health Risks and Prevention Methods -...

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