Psych 131 Midterm 1 - Study Guide

Psych 131 Midterm 1 - Psych 131 Midterm#1 Study Guide Chapter 1 A useful model of normal development requires a dynamic appreciation of children's

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Psych 131 Midterm #1 – Study Guide Chapter 1 A useful model of normal development requires a dynamic appreciation of children's strengths  and weaknesses, advances and retreats, and resolved problems and new challenges. A model  like this takes into account the complexities of individual, familial, ethnic, cultural, and societal  belifs about desirable and undesirable outcomes for children and adolescnets. Against this  multi-layered background of normal child development, we identify children whose distress and  dysfunction are exceptional. Empirically sound and clinically appropriate definitions of disorder  can be provided only if we carefully examine various belifes, as well as the data, about what is  normal. What is Normal? Common descriptions of normality and pscyhopathology often focus on: Statistical deviance: the infrequency of certain emotions, cognitions, and/or behaviors. From a  SD perspective, a child who displays too much or too little of any age-expected behavior (i.e.  dependency or assertiveness) might have a disorder. Children of a certain age above the “high  number” cutoff, or below the “low number” cutoff would meet the criterion for disorder.  Relative to other s. Sociocultural norms: the beliefs and expectations of certain groups about what kinds of  emotions, cognitions, and/or behaviors are undesirable or unacceptable. From this perspective,  children who fail to conform to expectations that they adopt age- or gender-specific beliefs  about themselves, or who insist that displaying expected age- or gender-based behavior is  upsetting, might have a disorder. Pressure in a particular neighborhood or peer group to prove  onself with belligerent or aggressive behavior, for isnstance, may contribute to the diagnosis of  psychopathology. Mental health definitions: theoretical or clinically based notions of distress and dysfunction.  From this perspepctive, a child's psychology well-being is the key consideration. Children who  have a negative quality of life, or who function poorly, or who exhibit certain kinds of  symptoms, might have a disorder. The Role of Values Definitions require several types of value judgments. One important judgment involves personal or group standards of adequate or average  adaptation, or optimal adaptation. Average/adequate: It has to do with what is considered okay, acceptable, or good enough. Optimal: It has to do with what is excellent, superior, or the “best of what's possible.” 
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This note was uploaded on 06/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 131 taught by Professor Hinshaw during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psych 131 Midterm 1 - Psych 131 Midterm#1 Study Guide Chapter 1 A useful model of normal development requires a dynamic appreciation of children's

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