Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6

Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 - Sarah Benjamin 9/29/08...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sarah Benjamin 9/29/08 Psych 11- Notes Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 A model of motivation o Need   Drive   Response   Goal  Need Reduction Need      is established from a deficit Need causes a psychological state called a drive Response      is designed to acquire a goal  that will relieve the need o Example     Need- sweat causes you to become dehydrated Drive is thirst Response: drink water to quench thirst   this becomes your goal Types of motives o Primary: based on biological needs that must be met for survival—unlearned Hunger, thirst, pain avoidance, breathing, sleep, elimination of waste,  regulation of body temperature o Stimulus: also innate but not necessary for survival Activity, curiosity, physical contact Necessary to be mentally healthy, you could say o Secondary: unlearned Need for approval, acceptance, achievement Homeostasis
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Means “standing steady” or “steady state” o Many motivations are designed to maintain homeostasis (i.e. hunger and  thirst) Maslow’s Hierarchy of Motives (see powerpoint) o Self actualization: the need to develop one’s potential fully so you can have a  rich and meaningful life and be the best person you can become Arousal Theory of Motivation o Connection between need for stimulation and curiosity and body’s desire for  homeostasis o Ideal level of arousal for various activities and that people behave in ways  that keep arousal near this ideal level o Arousal Refers to variations in activation of the body and nervous system Zero arousal at death Low arousal during sleep High arousal during excitement, emotion, panic o Yerkes Dodson Law At very low levels of arousal the body is not sufficiently energized to  perform effectively Excessive arousal can hurt performance due to attending to distracting 
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 - Sarah Benjamin 9/29/08...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online