Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6

Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 - Sarah Benjamin Psych 11...

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Sarah Benjamin 9/29/08 Psych 11- Notes Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 A model of motivation o Need   Drive   Response   Goal  Need Reduction Need      is established from a deficit Need causes a psychological state called a drive Response      is designed to acquire a goal  that will relieve the need o Example     Need- sweat causes you to become dehydrated Drive is thirst Response: drink water to quench thirst   this becomes your goal Types of motives o Primary: based on biological needs that must be met for survival—unlearned Hunger, thirst, pain avoidance, breathing, sleep, elimination of waste,  regulation of body temperature o Stimulus: also innate but not necessary for survival Activity, curiosity, physical contact Necessary to be mentally healthy, you could say o Secondary: unlearned Need for approval, acceptance, achievement Homeostasis
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o Means “standing steady” or “steady state” o Many motivations are designed to maintain homeostasis (i.e. hunger and  thirst) Maslow’s Hierarchy of Motives (see powerpoint) o Self actualization: the need to develop one’s potential fully so you can have a  rich and meaningful life and be the best person you can become Arousal Theory of Motivation o Connection between need for stimulation and curiosity and body’s desire for  homeostasis o Ideal level of arousal for various activities and that people behave in ways  that keep arousal near this ideal level o Arousal Refers to variations in activation of the body and nervous system Zero arousal at death Low arousal during sleep High arousal during excitement, emotion, panic o Yerkes Dodson Law At very low levels of arousal the body is not sufficiently energized to  perform effectively Excessive arousal can hurt performance due to attending to distracting 
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Motivation and Emotion- Chapter 6 - Sarah Benjamin Psych 11...

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