Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning - Sarah Benjamin 9/17/08 Pysch 11...

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Sarah Benjamin 9/17/08 Pysch 11- Notes Chapter 4- Learning (Continued) Operant Conditioning Definition: The process of changing behavior by following a response with a  reinforcement In operant conditioning, the subject’s behavior determines an outcome  and is  affected by that outcome Learning comes from the association between a particular behavior and its   consequences Classical vs. Operant Classical usually influences involuntary responses, while operant conditioning  applies to voluntary responses In Classical conditioning, the subject’s behavior has no effect on the outcome Edward Thorndike (1898) Discovered Operant Conditioning He put cats in a “puzzle box” o Cats learn to escape from puzzle boxes more quickly if the response  selected produced an immediate escape o Cats would try a lot of behaviors to open the box and gradually learn to  more quickly select the one that produced escape o Thorndike observed escaping from the box acted as a reinforcement       for  the behavior that led to the escape Law of Effect If a response is followed by a reward , it will be strengthened If a response is followed by punishment  (or no reward at all) it will be weakened Gradually the correct response becomes strengthened the most and it 
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Operant Conditioning - Sarah Benjamin 9/17/08 Pysch 11...

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