Psycopathology- Schizophrenia

Psycopathology- Schizophrenia - Schizophrenia...

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Schizophrenia Schizophrenia: a group of severe mental disorders characterized by at least some of the following: marked disturbance of thought, withdrawal, inappropriate or flat emotions, delusions, and hallucinations *Prevalence: between 1 and 2% of the population *Signs and Symptoms *Psychosis: a loss of contact w/ reality, so that their beliefs and perceptions are often extremely bizarre (symptom of schizophrenia) * Delusions : incorrect beliefs that are rigidly maintained despite the absence of any evidence for the belief, and, in many cases, despite contradictory evidence (90% of patents w/ schizophrenia have delusions) *Examples: *Patients may believe he is Moses or the kind of England *Patents may believe that their actions are controlled by someone else * Delusions of Reference : the patient is convinced that some neutral environment event is somehow directed at her (tv commercial has secret message only to her) *Hallucinations : sensory experiences in the absence of any actual input *Auditory Hallucinations : in particular, voices, where a patient may “hear” the voice of god *Disorganized Speech : patients seem not to “think straight”; they cannot maintain one coherent train of thought, but rather skip from one idea to the next, and this characteristic often shows up in their speech *Disorganized Behavior : patients show disruptions in their actions and movements *Catatonic Schizophrenia : when patients may stand or sit “frozen” in some unusual posture and can maintain this posture for hours and when they notice, they may become frenzied * Disorganized Schizophrenia (hebephrenia): thought, emotion, and behavior become chaotic *Positive Symptoms : characteristics that people with schizophrenia show and that people w/o the illness do not exhibit (those described above) *Negative Symptoms : an absence of characteristics that are typically found in healthy
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Psycopathology- Schizophrenia - Schizophrenia...

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