Ch. 8 - Flavor For Our Food

Ch. 8 - Flavor For Our Food - Chapter 8: Flavor for our...

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Chapter 8: Flavor for our Food  Spices and herbs are aromatic plants.  -Rich in antioxidants help in digestion, remove extra sugar in blood -Contain essential oils or volatile oils.  -Spices- any part of plant-originally from tropical places -Herbs- seed or dry leaves; mostly from temperate climates - The Moluccas are the “Spice Islands” In search of Aromatic Plants:   -Egyptians used them extensively (embalming mummies) -The spice trade: by 1400 B.C.  between Mediterranean and Far East -Arab merchants controlled the spice routes with caravans crossing thousands of miles of land. -As the Roman Empire grew, the use of aromatic plants became wide spread from lamp oil to  perfumes to food, which started a direct trade with India to procure cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger,  and cloves in exchanged for gold and silver. -During the Dark ages – 641 A.D. to 1096 A.D. – the trade declined with the fall of the Roman  Empire. -Marco Polo, 1271: began travels to the Orient.   -Christopher Columbus, 1492: set out search of Indian spices and inadvertently discovered the  New World.  -Vasco da Gama, 1498: reached Calcutta, India by sailing around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope  and established direct spice trade with India.  -Magellan, 1519: discovered western route to spice islands. 
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-Until 1796- Dutch controlled the spice trade. -U.S. spice history starting 1672. -Some Important Spices (www.spiceadvice.com) Cinnamon -Cinnamomum zeylanicum -Lauraceae -Spice  -Historical documents from 65 A.D. show that a year’s worth of cinnamon was burned at the  funeral of Nero’s wife as tribute. -One of the oldest and most valuable spices from the Old World.
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course BIO 22 taught by Professor Vaj during the Fall '09 term at University of Central Florida.

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Ch. 8 - Flavor For Our Food - Chapter 8: Flavor for our...

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