Module 1 Quiz Questions - If a psychologist defines herself...

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If a psychologist defines herself as a “scientist-practitioner,” what do we automatically know about her through this label? (b) She relies on the latest research findings in providing quality care and treatment to patients. In medieval Europe, mental illness was thought to be caused by (b) evil or demonic spirits Emil Kraepelin is best known for his contributions to the study of schizophrenia. He introduced two new diagnostic categories of disordered behavior, dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity, based on symptom differentiation, __________, and __________. (a) etiology; prognosis Darien is 5 years old. He complains of a bad headache. Upon picking the crying toddler up, Darien’s mother puts a slice of cucumber on his forehead. Dairen’s pain disappears. This phenomenon would be known as the __________ in psychology. (c) placebo effect William Tuke, a contemporary of Philippe Pinel, proposed that patients live, work, and relax in a compassionate and religious environment. This philosophy was the foundation for (b) moral treatment The context of culture in abnormal psychology (d) fundamental in the determination of “abnormality.” Biological scarring, as seen in some disorders such as PTSD, demonstrates that (b) the brain may change as a result of the disorder. Which of the following statements about Josef Breuer’s approach of the case of Anna O. is TRUE? (d) Breuer believed that hypnosis could have a beneficial effect by allowing Anna to recall information that was relevant to the disorder. The biological, psychological, sociocultural, and biopsychosocial models all assume that (a) The cause of a dysfunctional behavior may be identified through research. Neurons release neurotransmitters in synapses. These neurotransmitters (a) Land on the receptor site of the next neuron, causing it to fire. In Aaron Beck’s Model of depression, the cognitive triad consists of (b) Three types of negative thoughts.
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