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Module 2 Quiz Questions - During the fi rst half of the...

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During the first half of the twentieth century, unethical research practices occurred in some clinical studies. This caused ________, which led diverse groups to become reluctant to participate in research. (d) a lack of trust Whereas efficacy research focuses on ________, effectiveness research targets ________. (c) causal relationships; cost-benefit ratios The person sitting next to you has blue eyes. What do we know about that person given Mendel’s law of segregation and what was said about eye color in the text? (c) The blue eyes are due to the receipt of two recessive genes. The case of Caitlin used in the text demonstrated that the psychologist’s intervention for trichotillomania was effective when applied in an ABAB reversal design. In this case, what signaled the success of the intervention? (d) The decrease in targeted behavior during the B phase. After being startled by a balloon that popped, you once again calm down. Which physical systems, in order, are involved in this example? (c) sympathetic; parasympathetic A researcher is interested in evaluating rates of posttraumatic stress disorder for firefighters involved in 9-11. In this example, participants would be labeled a(n) ________ cohort. (c) exposure
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In correlational research, it is possible that a third variable influences the relationship of the other two variables. This type of variable is labeled a(n) (c) moderator variable The brain stem is critical to survival because it (c) controls most of our biological functions associated with living. One major limitation of group based research in earlier clinical research in abnormal psychology is the (b) overuse of which college students as participants. The case of Henry Gustav Molaisson cited in your text demonstrated two significant findings about the relationship between memory and the hippocampus: short-term memories are not dependent on a functioning hippocampus, and long-term memories (c) must pass through the hippocampus to be stored. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies address questions related to the frequency with which a disorder appears across the life span and how (a) mental illness has changed in the population over time. Developmental factors should be reflected in diagnostic systems because (a) patterns of symptoms and behaviors may vary across the lifespan.
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A construct validity score represents (b) the degree to which a test accurately assesses a specific concept and not other related concepts. Both structured and unstructured clinical interviews are used for screening, diagnosis, treatment planning, and (b) outcome evaluation. The intelligence quotient or IQ was originally determined by (b) taking the child’s mental age and dividing it by his chronological age. The dimensional model of classification is qualitative, implying that (a) disorders that are observed are simply extreme variations of normal behavior.
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