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1MIDTERM EXAMFaisal AlomairAmerican Public University SystemHIST310 I001
2Armenian GenocideIntroductionAll the genocides of modernity have some common patterns: dehumanization, racism,deportation and modern techniques to exterminate entire populations. The final phase of thatprocess is denial and attempts to relativize extermination actions, thus opening the doors toexpand that impunity to other cases. The genocides have sadly crossed the twentieth centurybecoming one of the main causes of destruction of civilian population. During the First WorldWar, the systematic and planned extermination of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire began.This genocide, to this day denied and little diffused, became an archetypal case to understandthese phenomena. The impunity of the Armenian Genocide was closely linked to the Holocaustsuffered by the Jewish people, gypsies and political dissidents during the Nazi occupation ofEurope in World War II. After the German defeat in 1945, the Nuremberg trials occurred, but thegenocides and human rights violations continued: Cambodia in the 1970s, Rwanda and theBalkans in the 1990s. Now, entering the new century.The Armenian Genocide (1915-1923)Why is knowledge about the Armenian Genocide - which took place in one of the mostviolent centuries in history - relevant to the 21st century? Because this crime represents themodel of the genocides of modernity. The characteristics of this extermination will also bepresent in other historical cases of the twentieth century such as the Holocaust during World WarII, the genocide in Cambodia or that of Rwanda, among others. In addition, during the ArmenianGenocide it was the first time that the legal figure of “crimes against humanity” was used.
3The genocide against the Armenians was a systematic murder planned and executed bythe Ottoman Empire. Between 1915 and 1923 - where the Republic of Turkey is currentlylocated - one and a half million people were exterminated by order of the State. The "YoungTurks" party that had taken power in 1908 had the political objective of creating an ethnicallyuniform empire and recovering the greatness lost through territorial expansion. From an ideologythat borrowed pseudo-scientific and racist terms, the "diagnosis" was reached that the decline ofthe empire was linked to those groups that in the eyes of the government should be assimilated oreradicated forever. In other words, a "Turkey for the Turks" should be created. In a language thatwould be repeated in future genocides, potential victims would be equated with parasites, insectsor tumors to be removed. Thus, the leaders of the Ottoman Empire considered the Armenianpopulation as a disease that should be destroyed from the body of society. This was the first stepof all genocide: to take out the human character of those who were going to be killed.