Final Exam Outline

Final Exam Outline - Final Review CFA 3337 Summer 2011 Jazz...

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Final Review CFA 3337 Summer 2011 Jazz Music, Tap and Ballroom Terms and people: Apache Dance o sadistic dance, born in the cabarets of Paris. Although this dance was not adapted as a social dance, it is important to the evolution of ballroom dance in popular entertainment. o The dance is built around the jealous relationship of a rather shady fellow and his girlfriend. Irene and Vernon Castle- ballroom o Formed a bridge between mainstream white ballroom dance and African-American ballroom dance. They transformed some of the African-American vernacular forms of ballroom into something that white Americans could do without feeling threatened or inadequate. The Castles led the white invasion of black cabarets and nightclubs that would feed the Harlem Renaissance. James Reese Europe o The Castles forged this bridge first through learning about ragtime and jazz music from their African-American musical director, James Reese Europe. Reese had organized the New York music scene for black musicians, particularly those newly arrived from New Orleans. He inspired the Castles to experiment with the rhythm of the waltz. They took these basic waltz steps and converted them to 4/4 rhythm. Through this experimentation they created a new dance called the foxtrot. (slow, slow, quick, quick---2 steps and side together—Man starts on L, woman on R— promenade, turn and sway)---logical outgrowth of the waltz—still built on 6 counts, but done to 4/4 music. This was obviously taking a European dance form and inflecting it with African-American rhythm. Jook Joints o The development of African-American ballroom dances began to take shape in the jook houses or jook joints, which appeared in the South in the later part of the 1800’s. In these jook joints, the group dances that had been a form of religious and social expression, like the Ring Shout, became modified. They kept much of the African based movement vocabulary but lost the idea of group expression. The expression became that of a couple, who directed their communication to each other rather than the rest of the community on the dance floor. Jelly Roll Morton o The 12-year-old Jelly Roll Morton "invents" Jazz , or so he later claims. An inhabitant of Storyville, the red-light district of New Orleans , Morton combines ragtime, French quadrilles and the hot Blues played by Buddy Bolden, the notoriously hard-living cornetist. o Coined the phrase o Father of jazz. Improvisation o key component of jazz music.   The idea not to show off, but to show that you are a part of a whole and are responding to the energy of the whole group. They have a good technique to support their improvisation. Break away
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o In swing dancing, the couples would dance together and then wait for an instrumental solo before they would break away from their partner and do their own thing. At this point, the concept of solo improvisation was firmly established in ballroom dancing. George Primrose
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2011 for the course CFA 3337 taught by Professor Delaney during the Summer '11 term at SMU.

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Final Exam Outline - Final Review CFA 3337 Summer 2011 Jazz...

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