13 - MGMT - Chapter14

13 - MGMT - Chapter14 - 14 Roadmap Leadership Leadership...

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14
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Roadmap Leadership Leadership Perspectives - Trait (Competency) Theory - Behavior Perspective - Situational Approaches to Leadership - Transformational Leadership Gender Differences in Leadership
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Leadership The process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals
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“Great person” theory - leaders are born, not made - leaders are gifted with certain traits that make them great leaders More recent research suggests that certain traits/competencies can be acquired through learning… Trait (Competency) Theory Strategic Thinking Emotional Intelligence Charisma Power Motivation Achievement Motivation
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Strategic Thinking Strategic thinking involves being able to see the big picture Strategic thinking requires: - high intelligence Unclear whether this can be acquired - superior reasoning ability Some believe that this can, to some extent, be developed through appropriate education Components of Trait (Competency) Theory
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Achievement Motivation Achievement motivation – the unconscious concern for achieving excellence in accomplishments through one’s individual efforts Achievement-motivated individuals: - set challenging goals for themselves - assume personal responsibility for goals - are persistent in pursuing those goals - take calculated risks to achieve their goals - actively use information for feedback, adjusting their efforts as necessary In other words, achievement-motivated individuals have a high degree of intrinsic drive Components of Trait (Competency) Theory
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Power Motivation Power motivation – the unconscious drive to acquire status and power and to have an impact on others Important because getting things done in organizations requires individuals to accumulate power and use it to influence others Components of Trait (Competency) Theory
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Charisma Charisma – the ability that some people have to charm or influence others Charismatic individuals usually have: - magnetic personalities that are larger than life and draw others toward them - exceptionally high self-confidence - strength of conviction - assertiveness or social dominance - superb communication skills Can act against effective leadership when charismatic leaders use their charm to get people to do things that defy rational logic Components of Trait (Competency) Theory
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Emotional Intelligence Self-awareness – the ability to understand one’s own moods, emotions, and drives, as well as their effect on others Self-regulation – the ability to control or redirect disruptive impulses or moods and to think before acting Motivation – a passion for work that goes beyond money or status, and a propensity to pursue goals with energy and persistence Empathy – understanding the feelings and viewpoints of subordinates, and taking those into account when making decisions Social skills – friendliness with a purpose Components of Trait (Competency) Theory
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Limitations & Implications of Trait (Competency) Perspective
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13 - MGMT - Chapter14 - 14 Roadmap Leadership Leadership...

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