Exam 3 - Creates outrage Reinforce messages Pressure to...

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Creates outrage Pressure to conform Reinforce gender roles External costs Create trends in pop culture Creates waste Creates materialism Fear tactics Reinforce opposite Create personal insecurities Reinforce messages Create a demand Enhance company Inform the public Brand loyalty Branding, slogans Convince public that product is valuable Deviance: behavior that violates standards of conduct o A cocktail at 6pm vs. a cocktail at 8am Sociological Explanations for Deviance o Functionalist explanations Deviance can be functional for society Deviance clarifies moral boundaries Seeing others punished reminds of us norms Punishment as deterrent o Merton’s Theory [+=accepts means, -=rejects, *=replaces] Means Goals Example Conformist: + + normal people Innovator: - + drug dealer Ritualist: + - abides w/o achieving goals Retreatist: - - homeless Rebel: * * terrorist o Interactionist Perspective Criminal behavior is learned through interaction with other criminals o Differential Association delinquents tent to have delinquent friends o Labeling Theory Labels affect how people are treated and how they view themselves Labels open and close doors of opportunity Roughnecks: Viewed with suspicion Received poor grades Old cars Saints Good families Involved in school College-bound o Control Theory
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Focuses on why we conform to the norms of society Outer controls: our ties to others in society lead us to conform less likely to deviate with strong bonds Inner controls: conscience, religious belief lead us to conform o Conflict Theory The power elite write laws to protect their privilege Law is an instrument of oppression targeting lower income groups There are two systems of justice: o Rich: high priced attorneys endless appeals thousands of bits of evidence o Poor: Court appointed attorneys Appeals are exceptions Brief hearings Movie: American History X o Tony Kaye (director) o Color=present o Black and White= past o Danny: younger brother o Derek: older brother Ain’t No Makin’ It: Part II: 8 Years Later o Steve and Jinx have stayed back o Gentrification: resettlement of low income neighborhoods by prosperous families and businesses o Hallway Hangers Stoney: in prison, tried to take his own life several times. Mixed alcohol and 10-15 Valiums, commits robberies. 5 years in prison for robbing a pizza delivery man Steve: in and out of prison, beats his girlfriend, neglects his kids, seen as a maniac. Broke Stoney’s jaw in a street fight
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Shorty: spent time in a mental hospital, stabbed his cousin, steady girlfriend Chris: in prison, heroin and cocaine addict, robs his friends and family members, homeless Boo-Boo: his girlfriend and two daughters had AIDs. 1 of daughters died, girlfriend almost died. Married someone for two months Slick: a roofer, seasonal employment, dealt cocaine, not dealing anymore
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This note was uploaded on 06/29/2011 for the course ISS 335 taught by Professor Zaki during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Exam 3 - Creates outrage Reinforce messages Pressure to...

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