Chapter 1 Vocabulary HUMA

Chapter 1 Vocabulary HUMA - Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Animism...

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Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Animism is the belief in the existence of spirits separable from bodies. Such beliefs are traditionally identified with small-scale “primitive” societies, though they also occur in major world religions. They were first competently surveyed by, Edward Burnett Tylor in Primitive Culture (1871). Classic animism, according to Tylor, consists of attributing conscious life to natural objects or phenomena, a practice that eventually gave rise to the notion of a soul. 2. Atman is a basic Hindu concept philosophy, in which the eternal core personality survives death and transmigrates to a new life, released from bonds of existence. Atman became a central philosophical concept in the Upanishads. The Self (Atman) seeks to be one with the Absolute Spirit (Brahman). 3. Brahman is the ultimate unchanging reality composed of pure being and consciousness. Brahman lies behind the apparent multiplicity of the phenomenal world, and is ultimately identical to the atman or inner essence of the human being. 4. Calligraphy is the art of beautiful, stylized, or elegant handwriting pen or brush and ink. It involves the correct formation of characters, the ordering of the various parts, and the harmony of proportions. In the Islamic and Chinese cultures, calligraphy is as highly revered as painting. In Europe in the 14 th -16 th centuries, two scripts developed that influenced all subsequent handwriting and printing: the roman and italic styles. It became increasingly bold and ornamental. 5. Caste System is ranked, heredity, endogamous social groups, linked with occupation, that together constitute traditional societies in South Asia, particularly
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among Hindus in India. Although sometimes used to designate similar groups in other societies, the “caste system” is uniquely developed in Hindu societies. 6. Civilization a human society that has highly developed material and spiritual resources and a complex cultural, political, and legal organization; an advanced state in social development. 7.
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This note was uploaded on 06/29/2011 for the course HUM 2113 taught by Professor Kemp during the Summer '11 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Chapter 1 Vocabulary HUMA - Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Animism...

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