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ch2 mus100 notes cheat

ch2 mus100 notes cheat - Melody series of pitches...

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Melody: series of pitches horizontal aspect of music the part of a piece or song that you usually hum, even when unfamiliar with the music In a song, usually associated with the words/text usually found in the higher register Harmony: progression of chords, or series of pitches suggested by chordal theory vertical aspect of music often the part of music which is felt but not focused upon by the listener Gives music tension and release usually found in the lower register Rhythm: organization of time within a piece of music both the overall temporal aspect of music and the particular pattern of a melody or harmony the part of music which makes you tap your toe and "air drum" along Affects heartbeat (can relax, energize, etc.) found in all parts, both pitched and non-pitched Timbre: quality of sound produced by instruments and voices the aspect of music most associated with historical era or genre the part of music which usually evokes an aesthetic response (does the music soothe or grate?) Often sets mood and/or evokes a place or time present in every piece, but may be limited to one or two timbral groups While in Western music the melody is usually easy to "pick out", as in the 1st example below (the words are sung by the melody), the melody of music from other cultures often does not strike us as a melody (2nd example). Also, be careful not to label a prominant, tuneful harmony part as the melody, as many do for songs with strong bass intros, like many Led Zepplin selections, or like the 3rd example below. Finally, realize that more than one melody may be present at one time; the examples from our national march, John Philip Sousa's The Stars and Stripes Forever, illustrate 1 melody, 2 melodies, and finally 3 melodies at the same time. example 1: example 2: example 3: Stars & Stripes 1: 2: 3: Register is used to describe the grouping of pitches used in a melody (or by a voice or instrument). Example of low register: high register: If you've ever wondered how the white noise option on a sleep-aid machine works, it is due to the sounding of many pitches at once. These act to block out like pitches from outside your bedroom, which might startle you awake, or keep your attention and prevent you falling asleep.
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Silence, or the absence of intended sound (we almost never experience true absence of sound as even the sound of our own body intrudes upon our hearing), is as important in music as intended sound. In the famous "experimental" piece 4'33'' (Four minutes and thirty-three seconds), the American composer John Cage instructs the performer to come out on stage, bow, then proceed to sit/stand without playing for - you guessed it - 4 minutes and 33 seconds. While hard enough to do by oneself, try being part of a group of silent people for even 1 minute. Talk about "uncomfortable silence"!
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