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Unformatted text preview: MMW 6 – Edmond Chang 01:37 MMW 6 – Edmond Chang 31.03.08 Midterm 1: pg. 1-40 The isms were the central focus of MMW 5, but in the 19 th Century all of the isms were in their nascent state. It is in the 20 th Century that we see all of the isms come to a state of maturity. And as a result of this they come into conflict with each other. In the 20 th century we will focus a lot on the struggles between each of these movements. Full blown nationalistic movements vs. imperialism. The nationalist movements trying to break away from the yoke of its colonial past The defining struggle: communism vs. capitalist democracies (two hegemonic ideologies going head to head against each other) We will also see the continuing conflict between liberalism (started as the enlightenment) and the bi-products of liberalism -–> reactionary conservatism and religious fundamentalism. In many ways these things are the bi-products of liberal ideas, as they came about as a reaction to liberal aspirations. All of these struggles still define where we are today. Examples of nationalism today: Tibet, Kosovo The debate on immigration goes on today because some of us cling on to liberal notions of inclusion and compassion While others react to this with exclusion, and elitism; some people cling to the notion that some should be a privileged group Security vs. Civil Liberties We will look this week on the relationship between Liberalism and World War 1 World War 1 was a cataclysmic event that utterly shocked the world. The war was different from anything which people had seen. It shocked cultures and societies to their very foundation, and in many ways represents the first test of liberalism. In the face of such horror, liberalism was still able to sustain itself as a viable ideology. The war could also be seen as an implosion of liberalism itself. The war was the final outcome of all of the contradictions which define the liberal ideology. There are many contradictions within enlightenment: talk of rights and liberty, simultaneously with exclusion through different forms of repression Liberalism’s, Liberal Ideal: Politically liberalism stands for: Individual rights of citizens. The idea of inherent rights (declaration of independence). Secondly the self determination of nation states. Each state should have the right of self-determination. 3 rd a gonvernment based on social contract. 4 th , trust in the rule of Law. 5 th some form of representative government....
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