Chapter3 - Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs Chapter...

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Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs
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Chapter Outline The Global Context: Drug Use and Abuse Sociological Theories of Drug Use and Abuse Frequently Used Legal and Illegal Drugs Societal Consequences of Drug Use and Abuse Treatment Alternatives Strategies for Action: America Responds Understanding Alcohol and Other Drugs
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What is a Drug? The term drug refers to any chemical substance that: has a direct effect on the user’s physical, psychological, and/or intellectual functioning has the potential to be abused has adverse consequences for the individual and/or society.
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Drug Use and Abuse Around the World Globally, 5% of the world’s population between the ages of 15 and 64—208 million people—reported using at least one illicit drug in the previous year. The lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use varies from 46% of adults in the United States, to 36% in England, 26% in Italy, 18% in Poland, and 9% in Sweden.
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The Netherlands U.S. citizens visiting the Netherlands may be shocked or surprised to find people smoking marijuana and hashish openly in public. Pictured here is a tourist using a water pipe to smoke marijuana in a coffee shop.
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What Do You Think? On February 23, 2009, Tom Ammiano, a California State Assembly member, introduced legislation that would “regulate the cultivation and sale of marijuana, and then tax it” (Mieszkowski 2009, p. 1). According to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates, marijuana is California’s largest cash crop, bringing in $14 billion a year (Stateman 2009). If passed, the Marijuana Control, Regulation, and Education Act would allow California to control marijuana in the same way it controls alcohol and, in the same way, would generate much needed state revenues. Do you think marijuana should be legalized? If so, what age limits, if any, would you impose?
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2007 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month Marijuana and Hashish 46.1 10.1 5.8 Cocaine 14.5 2.3 0.8 Crack 3.5 0.6 0.2 Heroin 1.5 0.1 0.06
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2007 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month LSD 9.1 0.3 0.1 PCP 2.5 0.1 0.0 Ecstasy 5.0 0.9 0.2 Inhalants 9.1 0.8 0.2
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2007 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month Pain Relievers 13.3 5.0 2.1 Tranquilizers 8.2 2.1 0.7 Methamphetamine 5.3 0.5 0.3 Sedatives 3.4 0.3 0.1 Cigarettes 65.3 28.5 24.2 Alcohol N/A N/A 51.1
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Drug Abuse Occurs when acceptable social standards of drug use are violated, resulting in adverse physiological, psychological, and/or social consequences. Chemical dependency - Drug use is compulsive; users are unable to stop.
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Did you ever use marijuana during your senior year in high school? A.
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Chapter3 - Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs Chapter...

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