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chapter 7 - 1 Deviance is defined as Your Answer the...

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1. Deviance is defined as _________. Your Answer: the recognized violation of cultural norms 2. Which of the following is an example of informal social control? Your Answer: a father praising his child 3. In a University of Wisconsin report of a twenty-five-year study of crime, which of the following were the best predictors of adult crime and violence? Your Answer: a combination of genetic and environmental factors 4. In a study of twelve-year-old boys, Reckless and Dinitz attributed staying out of trouble to a personality that controlled deviant impulses. They called their analysis ____. Your Answer: containment theory 5.
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How societies set norms and how they define rule-breaking both involve ____. Your Answer: social power 6. The key insight of the structural-functional approach is that deviance is ______. Your Answer: a necessary part of social organization 7. According to Merton's strain theory, street crime would be an example of which type of deviance? Your Answer: innovation 8. ____ deviance occurs when a person's self-concept changes because of people's response to his or her deviant behavior. Your Answer: Secondary 9. The idea that a person's tendency toward conformity or deviance depends upon the amount of contact with others who encourage or reject conventional behavior is called _____. Your Answer: differential association
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10. According to Hirschi's social control theory, someone with little confidence in future success is ____. Your Answer: more likely to choose deviant behavior 11. Labeling theory is most usefully applied to issues such as ____.
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