Chapter 4 (5) - Critical Thinking: Chapter 4 Credibility...

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Unformatted text preview: Critical Thinking: Chapter 4 Credibility Credibility Are you gullible? Credibility Are you gullible? Do you get taken advantaged of? Credibility Are you gullible? Do you get taken advantaged of? Do people think you are nave? Credibility Are you gullible? Do you get taken advantaged of? Do people think you are nave? Are you trusting? Is there anything wrong with being trusting? Credibility Are you gullible? Do you get taken advantaged of? Do people think you are nave? Are you trusting? Is there anything wrong with being trusting? Are you a skeptic? Credibility Are you gullible? Do you get taken advantaged of? Do people think you are nave? Are you trusting? Is there anything wrong with being trusting? Are you a skeptic? These are the type of questions we are going to look at in this chapter. Credibility Is a claim credible or not? Basically credibility comes in degrees. Credibility It is very difficult to judge the credibility of a person just by looking at them. Credibility 1st general principle: It is reasonable to be suspicious if a claim either lacks credibility inherently or comes from a source that lacks credibility. So there are two issues here: When does a claim lack credibility and when does a source lack credibility? Credibility 2nd general principle: A claim lacks inherent credibility to the extent it conflicts with what we have observed or what we think we know (our background information), or with other credible claims. Assessing the Contents of the Claim Does the claim conflict with our personal observations? Four Issues with observations: The problem is that we are aware that observation is a trick business. There are four issues with observations: 1. Observations depend on the conditions under which they are made. Four Issues with observations: 1. Observations depend on the conditions under which they are made. For Example: Perhaps the lighting is poor or the room is noisy; perhaps we are distracted, emotionally upset, or mentally fatigued. Four Issues with observations: 2. The power of observation can differ with peoples expertise and experience. For Example: Some people have special training or experience that makes them better observers. Four Issues with observations: 3. Expectations often influence observation. For Example: We overlook many of the mean and selfish actions of the people we love. By contrast, people we detest can hardly do anything that we dont perceive as mean and selfish. Four Issues with observations: 4. An observation made in the past suffers from the same dangers of unreliability as memory in general....
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Chapter 4 (5) - Critical Thinking: Chapter 4 Credibility...

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