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Test 1 Study Guide - TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE Direct&Indirect...

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TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE Direct &Indirect democracy: Direct : system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule; earliest form of government in the colonies (New England town meeting). Proved to be unworkable as more and more settlers came to the New World. Recall, referendum, initiative. Recall: seldom used, can be used on any elected official judges. Referendum: nullify acts of state legislative, approve constitutional amendments approved by legislature, approve bond measures. Initiative: Proposed laws (petition drive, verification), proposed constitutional amendments (petition drive, verification). Indirect: Many town meetings were replaced by mechanisms of indirect democracy (representative democracy), which call for the election of representatives to a governmental decision-making body. The Virginia House of Burgesses exemplifies this tradition. Types of Government: Legislature o Upper house: Senate 4 year terms 2 year maximum o Lower House: State assembly 2 year terms 3 year maximum Executive Branch o Governor 4 year term 2 year maximum o Plural Executive: Runs a separate part of the state government Severn elected officials Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Controller, Treasurer, Secretary of State, Superintendent of Public Education. o Judiciary CA Supreme Court/Court of Appeal Appointed by Governor Confirmed by Commissioner of Judicial Appointment
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Next gubernational election: voted by the public Superior Court Voted by the public Vacancy appointed by governor Next gubernational election: voted by public Functions of Democracy: Branches: Separation of powers Creation of 3 separate branches Personnel selection process Checks and balances Federal Constitution No direct democracy One person Executive Judiciary: appointed confirmed Comparatively short Hard to amend State Constitution Direct democracy Plural Executive Judiciary: public accountability Comparatively long Easier to amend Democracy is Government of the People, by the People for the people of a country. It gives its people freedom of speech, right to live and work and follow religion of their choice with full independence and avoiding all illegal activities which are detrimental for peaceful living (Sovereignty of the people. Government based upon consent of the
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