Essay questions - 1. Discuss the 5 aspects of...

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1. Discuss the 5 aspects of anthropological method thoroughly by applying readings (Miller, Holloway, and article), lecture, and films as fully as possible. In cultural anthropology (the study of present day cultures), the anthropological method is used. The anthropological method refers to the ways in which anthropologists gather information and deal with what they have gathered in an analytical sense. The five aspects of the anthropological method includes; culture, fieldwork, comparison, relativism, and holism, all of which are included by the four subfields of anthropology (biological, linguistical, archaeology, and cultural). / The first aspect of the anthropological method is fieldwork. Lecture defined fieldwork as an act of participant-observation. An example of the fieldwork aspect would be Kris Holloway’s ethnography (an in-depth description of a single culture) on Miniankans in Mali. Holloway studied Miniankans, and fellow friend Monique, for two years. As mentioned in lecture, an ethnography is based on participant-observation. Holloway fully experienced a participant-observation as she opens the novel in aiding Monique as a woman gives birth in the birthing hut. Such fieldwork does contain its advantages and disadvantages. Advantages of fieldwork include the ideal vs. real and the emic vs. etic arguments. The argument of ideal vs. real can be exhibited from the United States; how the ideal marriage would consist of a two happily wedded individuals, considerably male and female. Realistically, as the world is now broadened, a marriage may even consist of two males or two females, or marriage eventually headed for divorce as realistically, happiness in a marriage can be quite difficult to maintain. The argument of emic (insider or “native’s” perspective) vs. etic (analytical perspective) can be shown in the Female Genital Mutilation clip that was shown during lecture as well. As the interviewer was exposed to such harsh tradition extremes, she contained an analytical perspective, as well as the attempt for the emic approach. Disadvantages contain the aspects of culture shock and ethical problems one may observe. Confronting cultural differences may help to observe patters, but can also create problems in the field such as illness, privacy issues, etc. Holloway experienced a culture shock as she was exposed to the conditions of the birthing hut. Ethical issues include its representation and privacy. / Comparison is another aspect of the method, for across “time” and “space” is to be observed. Miller describes how biological and archaeological anthropologists especially review time and space. In Moore Lappe’s article of “Why Can’t People…,” he reviews the history to how cash cropping and colonialism appeared to be link that destroyed the cultural patterns of production and exchange by which traditional societies in underdeveloped counties previously had met the needs of people. Miller makes
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Essay questions - 1. Discuss the 5 aspects of...

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