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Unformatted text preview: Unit 2 Study Guide MILLER Core/periphery/semiperiphery Core areas monopolize the most profitable activities such as high-tech service, manufacturing, and financial activities; strongest governments, which play a dominating role in affairs of other countries. Peripheral areas are relegated to the least profitable activities, including livelihood of raw materials, foodstuffs, and labor-intensive goods, and they must import high-tech goods and services from the core. They tend to have weak governments and are dominated, either directly or indirectly, by core states. Semiperipheral areas stand in the middle. cc Andaman Islanders/Yanomamo Andaman Islanders of India: People fished, gathered, and hunted for their livelihood. British colonialism brought contagious diseases and increased death from violence among disrupted Andaman groups. Future of indigenous people is more endangered by external culture, in form of immigration and development, than from nature. Yanomamo: Women provide staple food that comes from manioc. Men are dominant decision makers and have more social power than women. Formal &amp;Informal sector Formal sector includes a wide variety of occupations, ranging from stable and lucrative jobs to unstable or part-time and less lucrative jobs. Workers are organized into a union, but members of different ethnic groups have more solidarity with each other than with people in union. Interethnic rivalry exists around issue of managements treatment of members of different groups. Informal Sector workers are involved in small-scale vending on the street and also illegal trafficking of people and goods. Illegal drug industry links informal economies at the global level to the local level. Narcoeconomy/sexwork Thailand example Narcoeconomy: Economy based on production and sale of addictive drugs, reports. Sex work in Thailand: Laws about sex work are complicated; illegal to sell sex, but not to buy it. Recent legal reforms pertain to the age of the sex seller and involve a prison sentence for anyone having sex with someone 15 years or younger. Fear of disease among men lead to the demand for younger sex workers, who are assumed to not have a virus. Family poverty contributes to sex work; low and declining incomes in rural northern Thailand continue to prompt parents to send children into sex work. Daughters are valued members of the family. From an early age, eldest daughter is to do household responsibilities. Youngest daughter will inherit house, and care for aging parents. Middle daughter are to be sent to earn income, in commercial sex work. Parents are more concerned about welfare 3 major changes of livelihoods (Tiwi, Munurucu, Mongolian herders, Mayan, factory workers, Taiwanese) 3 major transformations: Disposition of local people of their land and other resource bases and substantial growth in numbers of unemployed, displaced people. Global capitalism has displaced millions of people from their land and contributed to growth of unemployed urban poor....
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course ANTHRO 4 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '11 term at San Joaquin Delta College.
- Spring '11