Notes Chap 4 - Chapter Four Ecology of Parenting PARENTING-...

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Chapter Four Ecology of Parenting PARENTING- implementing a series of decisions about the socialization of your children Bidirectional- the adult’s behavior toward a child is often a reaction to that child’s temperament and behavior Dynamic- the adult’s behavior toward a child changed with time as the child develops Parenthood is universal, parenting is highly variable and influenced in many ways MACROSYSTEM INFLUENCES ON PARENTING Political Ideology - theories pertaining to government Culture- knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, customs, and traditions Economics- the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services; socioeconomic systems can be simple or complex Socioeconomic Status- the rank or position within a society, based on social and economic factors Ethnicity- membership in a group in which members identify themselves by national origin, culture, language, race or religion. Religion - a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things Political Ideology Autocracy- a society in which one person has unlimited power over others- England under Henry 8 th , Iran under Sadaam Hussein, and North Korea under Kim Jong-il, the “Premier”. Democracy- a society in which those ruled have equal power with those who rule; equality of rights Currently, most traditional societies (Africa, New Zealand, Australia) support an aristocratic political ideology- government controlled by the highest ranking class of individuals. Some modern societies (Japan, Spain, the United Kingdom) have hereditary monarchs as heads of state. In an Autocratic Traditional Family System , the father is the authority who has power over the mother and the children; women and children have few rights. The Democratic Modern Family System considers the rights of all members. What is one’s “main purpose” in life? To serve God? To serve one’s country? To serve the family? Euro-American children are generally given the feeling that they are free to set their own goals in life while other ethnic group in the US, that value interdependence, generally raise their children to be obligated to their families. Read page 131 -132 Culture affects child-rearing practices, too. - knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, customs, and traditions - the way people adapt to their environment - people’s assumptions about the world - people’s beliefs about the way they should act Universal parenting goals- - Ensuring physical health and survival - Developing behavioral capacities for economic self-maintenance - Instilling behavioral capacities for maximizing cultural values Cultures vary in the importance they place on these goals and on how to implement them.
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How various cultures prioritize these goals may explain differences in maternal behavior toward infants. For example,
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2011 for the course SOC 15 taught by Professor Mccord during the Summer '11 term at Irvine Valley College.

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Notes Chap 4 - Chapter Four Ecology of Parenting PARENTING-...

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