Exercises for Textbook Chapter 4&5

Exercises for Textbook Chapter 4&5 - Exercises for...

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Exercises for Textbook Chapter 4 A. Study Questions 1. In order for two morphemes to be cognate, what must they share? The two morphemes must share a common origin. It does not have to be a common meaning but a historical relationship. Looking at a morpheme family tree branch, morphemes must come from the same original branch and all interconnect. Sometimes the morphemes will also be allomorphs but not always. There should not be an assumption that two morphemes that are cognate are also allomorphs because this is not always the case. They can also have shared structure which allows them to look related in meaning but in the end only relates them by appearance. Such as careless, painless…etc. 2. In order for two languages to be cognate, what must they share? In order for two languages to be cognate they must share a linked historical background and influence in the language. For example, in the Romance languages such as Italian, Spanish and even French there are shared influences that are evident when spoken. It is easier for someone who speaks
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Exercises for Textbook Chapter 4&5 - Exercises for...

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