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Unformatted text preview: Expanding the English Empire A. Contests for Wealth and Power • Mid 17 th century colonies would be a valuable source for England by mercantilism o Trade be controlled so more gold and silver be flowing in than out o Colonies was to serve mother country, under control of Oliver Cromwell in England • Captured Jamaica, Ireland • Navigation act-1651- challenging Dutch over world trade o Tobacco, sugar and timber must be transported by English ships and sold in English ports and once sold in England and then can be sold to other foreign countries. o Customs duties must be paid before anything else o Colonies benefitted from protection under English flag and Navy o New England had the creation of a naval industry • Charles II had more expansion o Royal African Company, monopoly in Slave trade o Colonies doubles o 1664, New Netherlands colonies Made a sea port New York pop was 9,000 1685 pop was 20,000 Many ethnic communities respected But, women’s rights that were given under Dutch rule were taken away Freemen were expelled from many jobs under English rule 5 New York families would own 2 million acres under English Rule Iroquois confederacy by mid-1670 would make an alliance with 5 nations and Gov. Andros Ohio Valley Indians align with French and attack Iroquois...
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This note was uploaded on 07/02/2011 for the course HIST 2111 taught by Professor Winship during the Spring '08 term at UGA.
- Spring '08