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India - Pakistan Sri Lanka and Bangladesh(Note Due to...

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India : Background info: India is located in South Asia The second most populous country with over 1.15 billion people, and is the most populous democracy in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Burma, Bangladesh and Nepal. The country faces challenges in poverty, illiteracy, corruption and public health. History: From an early stage, India had several internal conflicts, as each area aimed to gain power of India. From the 16 th century, European powers such as Portugal, the Netherlands, France and Great Britain established trading posts and later took advantage of internal conflicts to establish colonies in the country. By 1856, most of India was under the control of the British East India Company. The British expanded their influence from these footholds until, by the 1850s, they controlled most of present-day India,
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Unformatted text preview: Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. (Note: Due to internal disputes India was divided into Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) • Beginning in 1920, Indian leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi transformed the Indian National Congress political party into a mass movement to campaign against British colonial rule • The party used both parliamentary and nonviolent resistance and non-cooperation to agitate for independence. • On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from British rule • Government type: Federal Republic Foreign Relations: • Part of the Commonwealth of Nations and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement • Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka • Land Dispute: India has fought with Pakistan over the Kashmir region....
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