2-7-11 - Conceptualizing Literature Searches What, Why and...

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Conceptualizing Literature Searches – What, Why and How? 14:50 Objective of today’s lecture Now just what set of articles fits your topic, but how to decide upon and find  articles on ANY research topic. o Generic approach that you can apply to other courses, research, tasks at  your internship or job o Today: planning a literature search Concepts, keywords, strategies o Next Lab: Implementing a literature search Databases Point-and-click steps Why do a literature search? To set the context for your own research  The literature you will be reading is not just for the section called “literature  review” References to other publications will belong in almost every section of the  paper, except the results section Literature for the Introductory section To show why the topic is of interest o What are the consequences of the outcome you are studying? o How common Is that outcome (dependant variable)? AKA prevalence o (two c’s – how common, and what are the consequences) To learn existing theory about how your variables are related. o What mechanisms have been proposed to link them? o What would those theories suggest about the likely direction of  association?
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o Use these types of readings to help you refine the hypothesis To describe what is already known about the topic. o What have other studies found about the relationship you are studying? To identify which aspects of that topic are not yet understood. o What questions have not been answered, or have not been answered well,  by previous studies? Literature for the Methods section Citations on how other researchers have studies this or related issues. o How they have defined their measures? o What questions or scales were used? o What methods have they used and why? The point of reading other studies for methods is to avoid reinventing the  wheel. o If someone has designed and pretested a good scale or questionnaire to  collect information on the same topic, you will either want to Use it Compare yours to it (what is similar, different, better, worse?) Literature for the Discussion To compare your findings to others’. Example
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2-7-11 - Conceptualizing Literature Searches What, Why and...

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