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Sociological Theory LAPOINTE MIDTERM 1

Sociological Theory LAPOINTE MIDTERM 1 - Contempora ry...

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Contemporary Sociological Theory: Checklist of important concepts for Test 1 Test date: 10/6 (Wed.) See also any supplements on Sakai : Folder with resources for Test 1 Use the following as a guide. Any material that we have used, even if not listed below, could show up on the test. Theory basics : Concepts: Comparing perspectives (structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interaction), Ontology and Epistemology Structural functionalism – PARSONS- core focus is on the analysis of the structure of the social system (society) and its subsystems (social institutions and structures) and their relevance in maintaining society, social order, or system equilibrium Conflict Theory - Symbolic interaction – Sociological perspective emphasizing society/social life as an ongoing process wherein individuals continuously exchange and interpret symbols Ontology – Epistemology - Micro and macro structures, Agency, What was the period we now call the Enlightenment? EnlightenmentEighteenth century philosophical movement emphasizing the centrality of individual reason and scientific rationality over against non rational beliefs and forms of social organization (monarchy). People rule for self. Separate but equal, rational thinking, science as a way of knowing. American and French Revolution time. Macro- Analytical focus on large scale social structures (capitalism) and processes (class inequality) Micro - analytical focus on small scale individual face-to-face and small group interaction Agency- Own individual identity aside from collective group. Having ability to have own thought. George Herbert Meade was a microsociologist. “Me” phase not critical and
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following expectations of group. “I” phase individuals and make own decision. Humans do not conform constantly. Individuals, groups, and other collectivities exerting autonomy in the face of social institutions, social structures, and cultural expectations. Social Contract vs. Utilitarianism Social Contract- Focusing on larger community. Think about collective for the benefit of society Utilitarianism - Rational decisions by small grp that benefits all. Being more selfless but by doing actions for your self it will be good for society as well Structural Functionalism : Who were early classical structural functionalists? Hobbes, Durkheim HOBBES- Humans brutish in nature need a power looking over for strong system of govt to keep order in order to stop “war of all against all” Durkheim – Talks about suicide shit. Systematic study of suicide and norms. Society exists ABOVE US and exerts a huge INFLUENCE OVER US. Define: Structures, Functions, Social Facts Structure – objective ways in which society is organized. (The social class structure exists and has objective consequences for indiv. independent of individuals subjective social class feelings and self categorization.
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