Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Stratification+and+pattern+variables-1

Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Stratification+and+pattern+variables-1

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7/7/11 Functionalist Perspectives on 
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7/7/11 Kingsley Davis and Wilbert All social systems need stratification. It functions to ensure that important positions are filled. Rewards include money and prestige and are based on the position’s functional importance to society.
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7/7/11 Certain positions are more important to a society’s survival than others and they require special skills. Only limited numbers of people have the ability to perform well in these positions. The positions require extensive training and education.
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7/7/11 Result: Stratification is an institutional structure that is functionally necessary for the existence of society. Inequality is inevitable and necessary in order to ensure that the most important positions are filled.
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7/7/11 Problems and Assumptions? Do you agree with the theory? Can stratification be dysfunctional?
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7/7/11 Increase in CEO compared to average workers’ pay
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7/7/11 Merton’s Strain (Anomie) Also called the theory of deviance.
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Unformatted text preview: What happens to individuals in a society with a heavy emphasis on wealth as a measure of success? With hard work, you too can become rich? 7/7/11 Modes of adaptation: Conformists Innovators Ritualists Retreatists Rebels Result: Stratification that is not 7/7/11 Ferdinand Tonnies (1855- Rural life Shared feelings of community Similar backgrounds and experiences Interaction is familiar Emphasis on ascribed statuses Social change in limited Intolerance for difference Urban and suburban life Little sense of community Diversity of backgrounds and experiences Impersonal relations Emphasis on ascribed statuses Social change is fast 7/7/11 Parsons Pattern Variables Particularism----------------- Diffuseness------------------- Collectivity orientation---- Affectivity---------------------Universalism Specificity Self orientation Affective neutrality...
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This note was uploaded on 07/03/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 314 taught by Professor Mische during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Stratification+and+pattern+variables-1

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