the South and initiating the war. Instead, he sent unarmed supply ships to
Fort Sumter. Confederates realized that the supplies would enable Union
soldiers to remain in place, commanding the best Southern port forever. They
therefore decided to attack the fort before the supplies arrived (April 12-13,
1861). The bombardment, returned by the North, lasted 48 hours. Amazingly,
there were no deaths on either side. Eventually, the fort surrendered when all
its walls were down and the ammunition ran out.
Know all the states of The Confederacy.
-The Confederacy was now
complete with 11 states (South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas—
the western part of Virginia fought for separation from the rest of the state in
order to stay in the Union—West Virginia)
Southerners went to war in 1861 in a mood of?
- confidence, they had only
to fight a defensive war.
Advantages for the North and The South going into war.
-In addition to a
population advantage (22 million to 9), the Union enjoyed 81% of all of the
nation’s industrial capacity, 61% of all railroad track, and 80% of the banking
and capital. Most of the food producing states remained within the Union.
Practically all naval vessels were stationed in the North, as well as merchant
ships. The South tried desperately to provide for its own foodstuff and
industrial needs, but it could not "catch up" in such a short time. Also very
important was the established government of the North, while the South tried
to create a government on the fly.