Exam 2 Study Guide 321 Fall 2007

Exam 2 Study Guide 321 Fall 2007 - Exam 2 Study Guide 321...

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Exam 2 Study Guide 321 Fall 2007 75 MC Questions: Based on Meyers Chapters 6, 7, 8, 9, plus Lecture/film material. Terms to define (*= text only) • Sleeper effect* - a delayed impact of a message that occurs when an initially discounted message becomes effective, as we remember the message but forget the reason for discounting it • Groupthink* - “the mode of thinking that persons engage in when concurrence seeking becomes so dominant in a cohesive in-group that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action.” • Risky shift* - • Group polarization* - group-produced enhancement of members’ preexisting tendencies; a strengthening of the members’ average tendency, not a split within the group • Social loafing* - the tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable • Emotional appeals - • Fear tactics - insecurity or anxiety driven ads; scaring people into doing what you want them to do; work only when provided with a solution and if no solution is given they go into denial • Distancing behaviors - • Deindividuation - loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster responsiveness to group norms, good or bad • Stereotype threat - a disruptive concern, when facing a negative stereotype, that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype. Unlike self-fulfilling prophecies that hammer one’s reputation into one’s self-concept, stereotype threat situations have immediate effects • Subtyping - accommodating individuals who deviate from one’s stereotype by thinking of them as “exceptions to the rule” • Eichmann’s fallacy - although we would like to think only bad people do bad things, this is an example of fundamental attribution error; Nazi Eichmann fled to Argentina and when they found him as a quiet, ordinary man who insisted he was only “following orders’ to please his superiors and advance his career Just-world-phenomenon* - the tendency of people to believe that the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get
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Victim-blaming* (not for F07) - devalue the victim as a consequence of acting against him Implicit prejudice - hidden, covert, nonconscious - “the automatic associations that people have between social groups and evaluation” - They are culturally transmitted like a virus and based on long-term status difference between groups Implicit Association Test (IAT) - an instrument that uses reaction times to measure how quickly people associate concepts, indicating their implicit attitudes The Barnum effect - people’s willingness to believe that something trivial about them is actually a significant “clue” to their personality has a name - As long as the definitions are sufficiently vague or ambiguous, we’ll believe even outright response Word fragment completion - measure stereotypes indirectly
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Exam 2 Study Guide 321 Fall 2007 - Exam 2 Study Guide 321...

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