Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - Exam 3 Study Guide 75 Questions...

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Exam 3 Study Guide 75 Questions covering Chapters 5, 10, 11, 12, plus lecture/film material Terms to define (* = text only) The mere exposure effect : tendency for novel stimuli to be liked more or rated more positively after the rater has been repeatedly exposed to them Romantic illusions : people who have idealistic opinions about their partners enjoy happier and more long- lasting relationship Excitation transfer : as the time in a relationship increases, the need for more creative things to happen increases. This is because the relationship relies on the excitation that occurs in a fresh relationship (?) Androgyny : from andro (man) + gyn (woman) - thus mixing both masculine and feminine characteristics Brown’s universal norm* : that forms of address communicate not only social distance but also social status- correlates with a second aspect: advances in intimacy are usually suggested by the higher status person (ex the boss has to be the first to invite his employee to coffee not the employee to the boss) Empathy* : the vicarious experience of another’s feelings; putting oneself in another’s shoes Social dominance *: in essentially every society, men are socially dominant Peer-transmitted culture *: peers transfer the influence of the culture which is how people become who they are and not through parental transmission The bystander effect : the finding that a person is less likely to provide help when there are other bystanders Diffusion of responsibility : the idea that the other people will help and thereby decreasing their own motivation to help Pluralistic ignorance : a false impression of what most other people are thinking or feeling, or how they are responding Illusion of transparency : the illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others Altruism : a motive to increase another’s welfare without conscious regard for one’s self-interests Moral exclusion *: the perception of certain individuals or groups as outside the boundary within which one applies moral values and rules of fairness. Moral inclusion is regarding others as within one’s circle of moral concern Aggression : physical or verbal behavior intended to cause harm. In laboratory experiments, this might mean delivering electric shocks or saying something likely to hurt another’s feelings Relative deprivation *: the perception that one is less well-off than others with whom one compares oneself The catharsis hypothesis : emotional release. The catharsis view of aggression is that aggressive drive is reduced when one “releases” aggressive energy, either by acting aggressively or by fantasizing aggression The cue-aggression hypothesis : showed that insulted subjects were more likely to shock innocent confederates if there is a gun in the room because guns are cues that prime us to think about violence Frustration-aggression hypothesis : the theory that frustration triggers a readiness to aggress
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course PSYCH 321 taught by Professor Kilianski during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Exam 3 Study Guide - Exam 3 Study Guide 75 Questions...

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