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Running Head: Civil War 1 Why the American Civil War Was Inevitable Student Name Institution Professor Date
Civil War 2 Before and during the American Civil War of 1861-1865, the North and South differed significantly in economic and social development, which led to opposing political interests and attitudes. The conflict between the two sides arose over the issue of slavery as the northern elites were against slavery and favored economic expansion. At the same time, southern states wanted slavery to be extended in the new territories of the west. The North states wanted slavery to be abolished, but the southerners came with things such as the Fugitive Slave Act, which increased their differences. Therefore, policies were enacted to settle disputes such as the Kansas-Nebraska Act, but it only worsened the tensions. This act also led to the guerrilla war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces, which came to be known as Bleeding Kansas. When Abraham Lincoln became the president in 1860, he pledged to keep slavery out of the territories that had not yet become states. This posed a threat to the Southerners and caused seven states to secede and form a new nation. Even though policies such as Kansas- Nebraska Act were enacted to ease the tension between the North and South, their vast differences in Fugitive Slave Act and the reaction on Dred Scott's decision made the Civil War inevitable. Ideological differences, especially on slavery, were critical factors that made the Civil War inevitable. 1 Before the Civil War, the northerners had anti-slavery societies that consisted of African American organizations that advocated for the immediate abolition of slavery. The northern urban communities were in favor of removal, which provoked the South to defend the issue of slavery. The two sides had also been founded for different reasons, and therefore they had differences in their social and economic lives. The North was created for religious freedom 1 Richard Newman, Abolitionism, (Wiley, 2015), 1.
Civil War 3 and consisted mainly of industrialists while the South was founded in search of gold and consisted of agriculturalists. Industrial activities drove the Northerners, and therefore, they placed less value on slaves. The southerners, inspired by the agricultural economy, relied heavily on slave labor to prosper. In the northern states, industries depended on cheap labor and when abolition for slavery formed well over various groups and states. They were against the issue of

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